According to the findings of a new study carried out by researchers at Georgia State University, eating lots of soluble fiber may help prevent weight gain.
While this may already be in the public domain, the new research delves deeper into the link between diets with high soluble fiber and weight loss. Of course weight loss requires a lot of exercises and getting the right information regarding what you should eat.
The Amount of Fiber Diet That you Eat Matters
For this study, the researchers fed a variety of meals that had varying amounts of soluble and insoluble fiber, fats, and proteins to mice. They then monitored the effects of each meal on the on the rodent’s intestines and weight gain.
They followed this with a comparison between the rodents that fed high amount of fiber and those that didn’t feed a lot of fiber. Weight gain was apparent in mice that ate a low soluble fiber diet.
Soluble Fiber Diet Improves Metabolism
There was also a notable difference in gut structure in the mice that fed a diet containing high soluble fiber within two days. According to the authors of the study, including Benoit Chassaing of the Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State, previous research has shown that a diet low in soluble fiber may change the gut microbiome, a community of organisms found in the intestines. Microbiomes trigger inflammation and cause weight gain.
Additionally, the researchers determined that a shift from insoluble fiber to soluble fiber for rodents that ate a high-fat diet reduced the buildup of fat.
Also, when Chassaing and his team included soluble fiber to the diets of mice, changes in the intestines became apparent, although the same was not the case when they added insoluble fiber into the food.
Soluble Fiber Lower Cholesterol
Previous studies indicate that soluble fiber absorbs water in the gut, leading to the creation of a gel-like substance that binds to cholesterol and bile acids, and helps eliminate from the body. As such, soluble fiber helps lower cholesterol level. The gel-like structure also assists in the regulation of digestion and blood sugar.
The scientists say that the change noted in the intestines was due to the interference of the gut bacteria caused by soluble fiber. This further led to a higher generation of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs). In the same group of rodent that ate less soluble fiber and a reduction in production of SCFAs was noted.
The Bottom Line
In general, the researchers say that their finding shows that increasing the amount of soluble fiber in your food enhance good health and regulate weight by increasing the amount of SCFAs generated by your body.